FRENCH ARMORIALS

Several french armorials have been published recently. Some in relatively inexpensive editions in blazon only by the parisian Léopard d'or publishing house, and others, e.g. the Toison d'or et de l'Europe, the Bellenville, and the Le Breton in magnificent facsimile (also on the web). Most recently the BnF has made several facsimiles available on its website's banque d'images.

French is here understood as containing mainly the arms of french nobles or families and individuals from present Belgium and Netherlands, and/or made by inhabitants of such territories.

The Tournoi de Saint Omer, in 1377, part of the armorial d'Urfé, is found in Tournaments.

The Tournoi de Chauvency, in 1285, is found in Tournaments.

The invasion of Flanders 1297 - Chifflet-Prinet

The armorial (CPF) variously known as the Chifflet-Prinet Roll and Armorial de l'ost de Flandre, has been published in part by Max Prinet (1934), Paul Adam-Even (1959) and by Gerard Brault (1973). Of the previous editions only Prinet and Brault are based on a single manuscript, the one at Besancon. The Adam edition is a supplement to Prinet based on three then unrecognised manuscripts, but without giving details of the individual manuscripts.

This edition is a reconstruction of what the original might have looked like. It is based on the previous editions, though a few items have had their identification amended. A further  manuscript, held by the Bibliothèque Royale in Bruxelles and mentioned by Warlop, has been examined as well, but not used due to the incompleteness of the copying. It appears that part of one segment in the Urfé might have derived from the CPF. Comments and references have been updated. Many of the individuals named later died in the Battle of the Golden Spurs in 1304 outside Courtrai.

Of Lorraine and Europe

The armorial (NLU) named for a 16th century official, Nicolas de Lutzelbourg, is a presentation volume with 1667 coats-of-arms painted on parchment using gold and silver paint. Most of the items are of an earlier date, copied from several medieval sources, notably a member of the Toison d'or group of armorials, and for the prominent number of arms from Lorraine probably the armorial named for Andre de Rineck (published in 2008 by J-C. Blanchard) or a clone. A unique element are the genealogies (4 or 16 quarters) of his relatives from the Haraucourt and Raigecourt families.

The armorial (CLE) named for Anthoine de Clémery is an exact copy, though with the various segments in different order, and less the genealogy part. The present publication gives the blazons of the coats-of-arms as they are in the NLU. In addition the reader will find the corresponding entry in the CLE noted as well as an identifier and a family of branch name that will enable the reader to search for supplementary information, e.g. in my Ordinary of medieval armorials. The entries are indexed by name and blazon.

The armorial Lyncenich, Bruxeller, KBR, ms. II.6567

The armorial (LYN) is named for Jois de Luxembourg dit Lyncenich who owned the manuscript in 1629. The manuscript is approx. A5 in size, 197 ff, paper of various dates, and has 2847 painted arms and banners, and 10 miniatures. It was probably made in 1442/43 in the southern Low Countries by or for a herald employed by Philip the Good Duke of Burgundy. The arms represent nobles from the Low Countries, Germany, France and England divided into 80 segments. Among the segments are several 4-ancestor pedigrees and the participants in the Utrecht tournament of 1441. The entries are blazoned, referenced and indexed by name and blazon.

How to get it

  • download CPF, 957 KB, 53 pp.
    Steen Clemmensen: An armorial of the army of invasion of Flanders 2.06-9.10.1297, l'ost de Flandre alias Chifflet-Prinet, Farum, 2008, 53 pp., no ISBN.
  • download NLU, CLE, 2.1 MB, 157 pp.
    Steen Clemmensen: An introduction to and blazons of armorial dit de Nicolas de Lutzelbourg, Nancy, Bibliothèque municipale, ms. 1727 fo.14r-115v and armorial dir d'Antoine de Clémery, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, ms.fr.23076 fo.2r-141v. Farum, 2013, no ISBN.
  • download LYN, 5 MB, 486 pp.
    Steen Clemmensen: The Lyncenich armorial, Farum, 2016, no ISBN.